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This paper provides a summary of evidence on the health impacts of living on a low income. It assesses the evidence around how the living wage addresses low incomes, health and health inequalities.

This evidence review was commissioned by Public Health England and researched, analysed and written by the UCL Institute of Health Equity. These papers show evidence for interventions on social issues that lead to poor health, including ways to deal with health inequalities. You can use them to get practical tips for dealing with these issues. They also show examples from local areas showing interventions that have been used to improve health. The series includes eight evidence reviews and 14 short briefing papers.

The documents can be used by:

  • local authority professionals whose work has implications for health and wellbeing, such as children’s services and planning services
  • local authorities - particularly directors of public health and their teams - to build health and wellbeing strategies and Joint Strategic Needs Assessments
  • public health teams making a case for action on health inequalities
  • health and wellbeing boards making local public health strategies, including those covering service areas with health implications such as Local Plans and Growth Plans

This evidence summary can be accessed by clicking here:

The full list of resources can be viewed on this page:

A map that shows the population estimates (by percentage) aged 60 or over who recieve pension in Bolton by ward.

A map that shows the population estimates (percentage) of working age persons unemployed in Bolton.

A map that shows the population estimates (percentage) for families claiming benefits/on a low income by ward in Bolton.

This is the Benefits JSNA Indicator Sheet from the People and Places > Economy and Income section. JSNA Indicator Sheets summarise the current position and recent trends for Bolton, comparators to Bolton, and inequalities across population groups and geographical areas of Bolton.


  • Bolton currently has a higher rate of all benefit claims for the working age population than is average for Greater Manchester, as well as also being higher than the regional and national averages;
  • Bolton has the 6th highest benefit claimant rate amongst the ten Greater Manchester authorities;
  • The proportion of people claiming out of work benefits has seen the most substantial increase since the recession began;
  • Bolton's deprived areas have a higher number of residents claiming out of work benefits.

This bulletin provides a regular up to date account of worklessness statistics for Bolton, with analysis at a borough and small area level.

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