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Physical Activity

The report examines how supporting and promoting investment in green space can have far-reaching benefits for the local economy and public health. The aim of the report is to ensure that the economic benefits of green infrastructure to communities across the region is understood by health and local government professionals and to support the communication of these messages to organisations including those in the private sector, trusts, social enterprises, the voluntary and community sector, and local authorities.

This is the Physical Activity JSNA Indicator Sheet from the Behaviour and Access to Services section. JSNA Indicator Sheets summarise the current position and recent trends for Bolton, comparators to Bolton, and inequalities across population groups and geographical areas of Bolton.


  • For both indicators, men appear more active in Bolton than women, but for sports participation the female rate has been increasing;
  • The 5x30 PA indicator is likely an overestimation of the local picture;
  • There is an inequality gradient for physical activity in Bolton with the most deprived being the least active;
  • The Asian Indian and Asian Pakistani ethnicites are the least active in Bolton;
  • Physical activity is highest in the more affluent parts of Bolton to the North and West of the borough.

This guidance is for NHS and other commissioners, managers and professionals who have a direct or indirect role in, and responsibility for:

  • women who are pregnant or who are planning a pregnancy
  • mothers who have had a baby in the last 2 years.

It is particularly aimed at: GPs, obstetricians, midwives, health visitors, dietitians, community pharmacists and all those working in antenatal and postnatal services and children’s centres.

It may also be of interest to women before, during and after pregnancy, their partners and families, and other members of the public.

In this guidance the term ‘weight management’ involves:

  • assessing and monitoring body weight
  • preventing someone from becoming overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25–29.9 kg/m²) or obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg/m²)
  • helping someone to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by eating healthily and being physically active.

The six recommendations are based on approaches that have been proven to be effective for the whole population. They include advice on:

  • How to help women with a BMI of 30 or more to lose weight before and after pregnancy – and how to help them eat healthily and keep physically active during pregnancy.
  • How to help all pregnant women eat healthily and keep physically active.
  • The role of community-based services.
  • The professional skills needed to achieve the above.

Follow the link for full details:

Part of their cost effectiveness review series, the Liverpool Public Health Observatory reviews the literature on the evidence of the cost effectiveness of physical activity interventions, looking at both direct NHS interventions (including brief interventions), and indirect NHS interventions (such as the impact of the environment on physical activity level, school and workplace interventions and free swimming, as well as mass media campaigns).

Report aimed to identify a Greater Manchester specific target of the national target of one million people doing sport three times a week by 2012/13. A literature and evidence base is used to recommend interventions that increase active recreation and travel. To download please click here:

The term ‘obesogenic environment’ refers to the role environmental factors may play in determining both nutrition and physical activity. Environmental factors may operate by determining the availability and consumption of different foodstuffs and the levels of physical activity undertaken by populations. This review considers the research evidence regarding the existence of obesogenic environments, placing particular emphasis on evidence from the United Kingdom.

Map showing prevalence of current levels of population who reach the weekly recommended level of physical activity (30 minutes of moderate-vigorous activity on 5 + days) within Bolton at MSOA (Middle Super Output Area) level. Taken from Bolton Health Survey 2010.

Map showing prevalence of current levels of population who have a sedentary lifestyle (no physical activity sessions in a week) within Bolton at MSOA (Middle Super Output Area) level. Taken from Bolton Health Survey 2010.

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